The consequences of the war between Georgia and Russia
4. The Assembly… regrets that earlier calls to discuss a change in the format of the peacekeeping and conflict resolution process were rejected by the South Ossetian and Russian sides.
6. The Russian counter-attack… constituted a violation of Council of Europe principles, as well as of statutory obligations and specific accession commitments of the Russian Federation as a member state. It… can be deemed to be either a direct attack on the sovereignty of Georgia and thus a violation of the Statute of the Council of Europe, or an attempt by Russia to extend its influence over a “near abroad” state in violation of its accession commitment to denounce such a concept.
7. The Assembly considers that, from the point of view of international law, the notion of “protecting citizens abroad” is not acceptable.
8. The facts surrounding the outbreak of the war… should be established, in an objective manner, by an independent international investigation. The Georgian authorities have indicated that they would welcome such an international inquiry...
9. The Assembly condemns the recognition by Russia of the independence of South Ossetia and Abkhazia as a violation of international law and Council of Europe statutory principles. The Assembly reaffirms its attachment to the territorial integrity and sovereignty of Georgia and calls on Russia to withdraw its recognition of the independence of South Ossetia and Abkhazia and respect fully the sovereignty and territorial integrity of Georgia as well as the inviolability of its frontiers.
10. The Assembly particularly deplores that the recognition of independence was prompted by the unanimous demand of both houses of the Parliament of the Russian Federation, the State Duma and the Council of the Federation.
12. Russia appears not to have succeeded in its duty, under the 1907 Hague Convention on the Laws and Customs of War on Land, to prevent looting, maintain law and order and protect property in the areas under the de facto control of its forces. In this respect, the Assembly notes that Russia bears full responsibility for human rights and humanitarian law violations in the areas under its de facto control. In the light of the case-law of the European Court of Human Rights, this also concerns acts committed at the behest of the de facto authorities in Tshkinvali.
13. The Assembly is especially concerned about credible reports of acts of ethnic cleansing committed in ethnic Georgian villages in South Ossetia and the “buffer zone” by irregular militia and gangs which the Russian troops failed to stop. …such acts were mostly committed after the signing of the cease-fire agreement on 12 August 2008 and continue today.
24. The Assembly calls on all member states and states with observer status with the Organisation to:
24.1. not recognise the independence of South Ossetia and Abkhazia;
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