1. Unite the democratic opposition.
2. Make sure the old order really is gone.
3. But also come to an understanding with the old order.
4. Rewrite the rules.
5. Isolate the extremes.
A transitional government should aim for inclusion, and should test the democratic commitment of dubious players rather than inadvertently induce them to become violent opponents. However, groups that refuse to renounce violence as a means of obtaining power, or that reject the legitimacy of democracy, have no place in the new order. That provision was part of the wisdom of the postwar German constitution.
Transitions are full of opportunists, charlatans and erstwhile autocrats who enter the new political field with no commitment to democracy. Every democratic transition that has endured - from Spain and Portugal to Chile, South Africa and now hopefully Indonesia - has tread this path.
Fragile democracies become stable when people who once had no use for democracy embrace it as the only game in town.