Беседа с участием Е.Ихлова, Д.Коцюбинского, С.Маркедонова, М.Соколова на «Свободе»:
Упоминаемое в беседе интервью М.Ходорковского «The Moscow Times» 5 сентября 2008 г.:Interview Transcript: Mikhail Khodorkovsky
11 September 2008 | Issue 3986
Staff Writer Nadia Popova interviewed Mikhail Khodorkovsky, the jailed former CEO of Yukos, via an exchange of written questions submitted through his lawyers on Sept. 5, 2008. Below is an edited transcript.
MIKHAIL KHODORKOVSKY: Investors worry most about uncertainty. From my own experience, I know that people will make the worst assumptions if you fail to explain what is happening. That is why restoring trust has to begin with regular, detailed explanations of [the government's] position. This is now taking place.
The second necessary step is to honestly and openly set out the rules of the game, regardless of whether people are going to like the rules or not. Actions in concrete cases have to be explained in reference to a set of rules that applies evenly to everybody.
Finally, you have to begin the laborious task of consolidating these rules on an institutional basis, which is the guarantee of their stability. There's no other way. Any other kind of market is open season for adventurers and crooks, which is absolutely not in
With regard to foreign investment, I think that money is not the most important thing for
MT: After its outstanding performance over the last few years, the Russian economy is beginning to be plagued by some of the problems created by this same impressive growth. What is the most effective way of tackling inflation? How effective is monetary policy or methods like those used earlier in the year, when the prices were frozen on certain staple items?
MK: I am convinced that monetary methods alone are insufficient to fight inflation. We can't afford the slowing of economic growth that inevitably results, as we need this growth to solve our social and infrastructure problems.
MK: The fall in oil output is absolutely artificial. Back in 2002, at a meeting on energy policy, I suggested that we should aim at a production level of 10 million barrels per day (for land-based drilling) and stick to this level for 15-20 years. I believed, and still believe, that given
As for the oil price, I think $70 a barrel, considering the current dollar level, is the price at which modern technologies enable us to gradually replace hydrocarbons with other energy sources. But the decision is a political one, as every startup energy project in the history of modern civilization has required major investment. But this [investment] is necessary now; there is no time to wait.
MT: Do you see any recent positive tendencies in the Russian economy?
MK: I have to be happy about the growth in industrial production. At the same time, the discrepancy between the real structure of the economy and the desired innovation-based economy remains, which is lamentable and dangerous.
MT: In your articles "Left Turn" and "Left Turn-2," you spell out some socialist ideas, but at the same time stress that
MK: Leftist ideas and the Communistic Party of the
As for fighting the ghost of totalitarianism, what is very important is the strict separation of the different branches of power, a free press and other civil society institutions, including local government. The experience of the Scandinavian countries and
MT: How do you see U.S.-Russian relations changing after the presidential elections in the
MK: I very much hope that we will not cast each other in the role of Evil Empire. It would be a counterproductive farce in the conditions of today's rapidly globalizing world. As for South Ossetia, it's evident that [Georgian President Mikhail] Saakashvili, counting on the support of the West, decided to launch a military venture without the sanction of the
It's important to understand that President [Dmitry] Medvedev had no other choice given situations on Aug. 8 and Aug. 26, and made the only possible decision.
The coming change of presidential administration in the
Ходорковский поддержал ввод российских войск и признание Южной Осетии
Бывший глава НК ЮКОС Михаил Ходорковский поддержал ввод российских войск в Южную Осетию и ее признание. "Важно понять, что у Медведева не было другого выбора, учитывая ситуацию на 8 и 26 августа, и он принял единственно возможное решение", – заявил Ходорковский в интервью газете The Moscow Times.
По мнению экс-главы ЮКОСа, президент Грузии Михаил Саакашвили, "начал военную операцию, рассчитывая на поддержку Запада. Однако при этом санкций на свои действия от Америки Саакашвили не получал. Он переоценил шансы на поддержку своих возмутительных действий".